The disease resulting from infection with Borrelia burgdorferi is referred to as Lyme disease or Lyme borreliosis.

There are many species of Borrelia bacteria worldwide, not all of them cause disease.

Three species are currently known to cause disease in the UK.

They are Borrelia burgdorferi (sensu stricto), Borrelia afzelii and Borrelia garinii.

They are very closely related and all cause a broadly similar disease process.

An infection caused by Borrelia bacteria can be termed a ‘Borreliosis.’

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