Your doctor will prescribe a topical medication that you'll need to spread over every inch of your baby's body from the neck down.
Even parts of the body that don't seem to be infected must be treated, so don't skip them.
Don't forget to put the cream between your child's toes and fingers, under his arms, in his navel, and on his genitals.
Follow the directions for leaving the cream on the skin (it may be for eight to 14 hours), and then wash it off.
Because babies tend to put their hands in their mouth a lot when they're awake, it's best to put the cream on at bedtime and wash it off first thing in the morning.
If your baby sucks on his hands or fingers while he sleeps, cover his hands overnight with mittens or socks to keep the medicine out of his mouth.
Because it takes some time for the irritants in the skin to go away, the itching can continue for as long as three weeks after the mites are gone.
If it's bothersome, your baby's doctor may prescribe an oral antihistamine or a cortisone cream for relief.
In the meantime, keep your baby's fingernails short to prevent him from tearing the skin and introducing an infection.
The rash itself can take two to six weeks to clear up.
If the rash continues to spread or you see new burrows, the doctor may advise you to repeat the treatment.