The major causes (etiologic factors) for head and neck cancers are tobacco and alcohol use, including cigarettes, cigars, snuff, chewing tobacco, betel leaf, lime, catchu and areca nut, and marijuana.

Combining tobacco and alcohol use poses an even greater risk.

Learn how to kick the tobacco habit. Other causes include:

A possible association is diet, particularly Vitamin A and beta-carotene deficiencies.

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