How is Hodgkin’s disease diagnosed?

How is Hodgkin's disease diagnosed?If Hodgkin's disease is suspected, the doctor will ask about your medical history and will do a thorough physical exam. Blood tests and x-rays of the chest, bones, liver and spleen will also be done. Tissue from an enlarged lymph node will be removed. This is known as a biopsy. It is the only sure way to tell if cancer is present. A pathologist will look at the tissue under the microscope for Reed-Sternberg cells, abnormal cells that are usually found with Hodgkin's disease. When Hodgkin's disease is diagno...

How will my doctor know if I have stomach cancer?

There are some commonly used procedures to detect stomach cancer once it has been determined that risk factors or symptoms are present. To diagnose stomach cancer, a physician will conduct a complete medical history, a physical examination and laboratory studies that may include a fecal occult blood test or a complete blood count (CBC). For a fecal occult blood test, a stool sample is examined for hidden (occult) blood, since stomach cancer can sometimes cause bleeding that cannot be seen. However, other co...

How will my doctor know if I have liver cancer?

If liver cancer is suspected, the doctor will conduct a physical examination and a medical history. During a medical history, the patient will be asked questions about incidence of cancer in his/her family and other possible risk factors. Further tests help a doctor determine if cancer is causing symptoms. Some tests may include alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) blood test, ultrasonography (ultrasound), computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), angiography, laparoscopy and biopsy.

How do you diagnose thyroid cancer?

The doctor will ask about your medical history and will do a careful physical exam, with special attention to feeling your thyroid and checking for lumps in the neck. You may also be asked to have a blood test or special scans. The best screening test for a thyroid nodule is a good examination of the neck by your primary care physician.  Most internists, family doctors and obstetricians/gynecologists perform examination of the neck during routine checkups, and nodules can often be found in this way. Sometim...