How is Hodgkin’s disease diagnosed?

How is Hodgkin's disease diagnosed?If Hodgkin's disease is suspected, the doctor will ask about your medical history and will do a thorough physical exam. Blood tests and x-rays of the chest, bones, liver and spleen will also be done. Tissue from an enlarged lymph node will be removed. This is known as a biopsy. It is the only sure way to tell if cancer is present. A pathologist will look at the tissue under the microscope for Reed-Sternberg cells, abnormal cells that are usually found with Hodgkin's disease. When Hodgkin's disease is diagno...

How is sinusitis diagnosed?

It may be extremely difficult to diagnose a sinus infection early in the course of the disease. After taking a careful history, which is extremely valuable in helping diagnose sinusitis, and doing a physical exam, the diagnosis is typically made by looking inside the nose with a flexible rubber or rigid steel tube called an endoscope. Depending on what is found at the time of the endoscopy, an x-ray (CT scan) of your sinuses may need to be done. Previously, x-rays of the sinuses were done. Now CT scans are ...

Three vulvar cancer treatments

There are treatments for all patients with cancer of the vulva. Three kinds of treatment are used: Surgery (taking out the cancer in an operation) Radiation therapy (using high-dose x-rays or other high-energy rays to kill cancer cells) Chemotherapy (using drugs to kill cancer cells) A doctor may use just one method or combine methods to treat the cancer most effectively; however, surgery is the most common treatment of cancer of the vulva. The standard therapy for cancer localized to the vulva includes rad...

How is cancer of the cervix treated?

The choice of treatment for cervical cancer depends on the location and the size of the tumor, the stage (extent) of the disease, the woman's age and general health, and other factors. Gynecologic oncologists have expertise in the diagnostic evaluation and treatment of patients with cervical carcinoma. They also have surgical expertise in the procedures of radical hysterectomy, pelvic and paraaortic lymphadenectomy, pretreatment surgical staging procedures, and exenterations for patients with recurrent cerv...

Stomach Cancer Detection by Barium upper GI radiographs

With this test, patients drink a barium-containing solution that coats the esophagus, stomach, and part of the small intestine. The barium helps doctors spot abnormalities in the x-rays they take of the area. After the barium solution is taken, air is pumped into the stomach to make small tumors easier to see.

The treatment for Pancreatic Cancer? What should I ask?

Three kinds of treatment are used for pancreatic cancer: Surgery – taking out the cancer in an operation Radiation therapy – using high-dose x-rays or other high-energy rays to kill cancer cells Chemotherapy – using drugs to kill cancer cells A doctor may use just one method or combine methods to treat the cancer most effectively. These are some questions a person may want to ask his/her doctor before treatment begins: What is my diagnosis? What is the stage of the disease? What are my treatment choices? Wh...

How will I be diagnosed for colorectal cancer?

To find the cause of symptoms, the doctor will ask about your personal and family medical history. He will do a physical exam, and may order laboratory tests. In addition to the exams discussed above, the doctor may also order the following tests: Lower GI series – X-rays of the colon and rectum (the lower gastrointestinal tract). The x-rays are taken after the patient is given an enema with a white, chalky solution containing barium. (This test is sometimes called a barium enema.) The barium outlines the c...