Well known PCOS Treatments

Birth Control Pills – For women that are not trying to conceive, birth control pills will help regulate the menstrual cycle, help reduce male hormones, and help with skin’s complexion and acne. Diabetes medications such as Metformin (or Glucophage) – Metformin affects the way the body responds to insulin. It helps to make the insulin you have work better, it does not actually lower blood sugar itself. Metformin helps improve the way your body uses insulin so that it does not need to produce as much to contr...

Besides surgery, how else are head and neck cancers treated?

Head and neck cancers are complex. Therefore, treatment options are specific to the patient and the kind and stage of cancer. Treatment often involves surgery, radiation (internal and/or external), chemotherapy or a combination of these. It's important for patients to understand the treatment options available to them, including what impact each option has on quality of life.

How is treatment different after surgery?

It doesn't mean that you won't get sinusitis any more, but it is often easier to treat. Surgery is not meant to cure the disease. Once the sinuses have been opened up by surgery, it is possible to wash out the sinuses if necessary , and as a result, sometimes oral antibiotics don't have to be used. It is often possible to do an endoscopy and find out exactly where the cause of the problem is, since it is possible to examine the inside of the sinuses once surgery has been done. Elsewhere on this website, the...

How long is the recovery after surgery?

Generally, patients will remain in the hospital just for the day of the operation, but sometimes overnight. Patients are usually out of work for 1-2 weeks. Full recovery may take six weeks, although for periods of six months to a year patients may become more sensitive to infection. The surgeon will typically remove crusting on a regular basis from the nose to prevent scarring from occurring. Packing is often not placed nowadays, so that the removal of crusting isn't usually that uncomfortable. There will b...

What is done if I have to have sinus surgery?

You should first understand that I am not a surgeon, so this is from the perspective of someone who has seen the surgery, and had the surgery done, but who doesn't do the surgery himself. The surgery, called functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS), may be done either under local anesthesia or general anesthesia. Many very experienced sinus surgeons prefer to use local anesthesia. The operation generally takes approximately 2-3 hours. During that period of time, the ear, nose and throat doctor will do any...

When should surgery be considered?

A small percentage of patients with chronic sinusitis will fail to improve even with the best medical treatment. In most studies of patients treated by allergists who specialize in treatment of chronic sinusitis, this is less than 10% of patients who have had optimal medical treatment. It is important to realize, however, that surgery is frequently performed on patients who have not had the best medical treatment prior to surgery. This web site is one of many attempts to educate physicians and the public ab...

Do allergy shots help with sinus infections?

In patients who have chronic sinus infections, I think it makes sense to do  anything  to avoid worsening of symptoms or surgery. If we find a patient is allergic and has chronic sinusitis, we often suggest getting allergy shots to desensitize them to the various things to which they are allergic, in the hope that it will help with the sinusitis. Because allergy shots take 6-24 months to work, they must be used in conjunction with other treatment, including controlling exposure to environmental agents.

What role does a deviated septum play in sinusitis?

The septum is the bone and cartilage which separates the two sides of the nose. A deviated septum is simply a crooked septum. A deviated septum commonly can cause or exacerbate chronic sinusitis by causing a blockage of the nose and also of the drainage area from the sinuses. Most people have a somewhat deviated septum. Just because your septum is deviated, it doesn't mean that it is causing a problem-but it does need to be evaluated. There are some patients who have such a severe deviated septum that they ...

How long does sinusitis have to be treated?

Because of the fact that we are dealing with an abscess which can not be adequately drained without doing a major surgical procedure, it often takes an extended period of time for the sinus infection to be completely treated by what we can call medical drainage. Some physicians often will only treat patients with sinus infections for a week or ten days and as a result patients are partially cured, but never get complete relief of symptoms. It is critical that treatment occur for a minimum of several weeks, ...

How long do I have to take antibiotics for sinus treatment?

Because penetration of antibiotics inside the sinuses is poor, an extended treatment is often necessary. Antibiotics do not penetrate well into bone and the bacteria in chronic sinusitis are located inside bone. Typically a minimum of three weeks or more of antibiotic treatment is necessary for patients with chronic sinusitis. Sometimes 6-8 weeks of treatment may be necessary. In some cases multiple different antibiotics need to be used. In some cases where patients do not get better after they have been tr...

Side effects of vulvar cancer surgery

The consequences of curative surgery can be psychologically devastating, as vulvar surgery can result in lifelong anatomic alterations. Sexual dysfunction is common because of loss of clitoris in some clinical situations and in general because of alteration in body image. Lower extremity lymphedema (leg swelling) can occur, causing difficulty walking, pain, recurrent infections and disfigurement. Therefore, all therapy includes pretreatment counseling about sexual and physical function. If the cancer has sp...

Three vulvar cancer treatments

There are treatments for all patients with cancer of the vulva. Three kinds of treatment are used: Surgery (taking out the cancer in an operation) Radiation therapy (using high-dose x-rays or other high-energy rays to kill cancer cells) Chemotherapy (using drugs to kill cancer cells) A doctor may use just one method or combine methods to treat the cancer most effectively; however, surgery is the most common treatment of cancer of the vulva. The standard therapy for cancer localized to the vulva includes rad...

Side effects of surgery for ovarian cancer

Surgery for ovarian cancer is a major operation. For several days after surgery, a woman may have difficulty emptying her bladder or having normal bowel movements. Doctors or nurses can administer medicine to relieve pain and/or prevent infection associated with ovarian cancer surgery. For a period of time after surgery, some normal activities are limited to encourage healing. Young women whose ovaries are removed begin experiencing the side effects of menopause because their body’s natural source of estrog...

What about treatment? What should I ask?

Ovarian cancer is usually treated with a combination of surgery and chemotherapy. Sometimes surgery alone is sufficent treatment. Here are some questions a woman may want to ask her doctor before treatment begins: What is the stage of the disease? What are my treatment choices? Which do you recommend for me? Why? Do I need comprehensive surgical staging? Is it likely that aggressive debulking surgery will be required? Am I an individual who may require chemotherapy prior to my definitive surgery (this is ca...

How is endometrial cancer treated?

The choice of treatment depends largely on the type of cancer and stage of the disease at discovery. Other factors might play a part in choosing the best treatment plan. These might include your age, your overall state of health, whether you plan to have children, and other personal considerations. Be sure you understand all the risks and side effects of the various therapies before making a decision about treatment. There are four basic types of treatment for women with endometrial cancer - surgery, radiat...

The side effects of Gastrectomy for Stomach Cancer Treatment

Gastrectomy (the removal of part or all of the stomach; the most effective treatment for stomach cancer) is major surgery, and patients will probably have to make temporary or permanent dietary changes. Those who have total gastrectomies can no longer absorb vitamin B12, which is necessary for healthy blood and nerves. These patients receive regular injections of B12. Some patients experience the dumping syndrome, when food and liquid enter the small intestine too quickly, causing cramps, nausea, diarrhea a...

The treatment for Pancreatic Cancer? What should I ask?

Three kinds of treatment are used for pancreatic cancer: Surgery – taking out the cancer in an operation Radiation therapy – using high-dose x-rays or other high-energy rays to kill cancer cells Chemotherapy – using drugs to kill cancer cells A doctor may use just one method or combine methods to treat the cancer most effectively. These are some questions a person may want to ask his/her doctor before treatment begins: What is my diagnosis? What is the stage of the disease? What are my treatment choices? Wh...

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