How will a physician make a diagnosis of head and neck cancer?

If a physician suspects a head and neck cancer, he or she will order specific diagnostic tests, depending upon the location of the cancer. These tests may include: Physical examination Inspection of oral and nasal cavities using mirrors and fiber-optic scopes Examination of suspicious lesions Examination of the back of the tongue Blood tests, including a complete blood count and liver function test A blood draw to check for the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) antibody measurement CT, PET, MRI imaging or X-rays Bio...

How is a brain tumor diagnosed?

The doctor does a complete physical exam with special attention to neurological examination. This includes checks for alertness, muscle strength, coordination, reflexes and response to pain. The doctor also examines the eyes for swelling caused by a tumor pressing on the nerve that connects the eye and the brain. The doctor may request a CT (or CAT) scan or an MRI. A CT scan is a series of detailed pictures of the brain. The pictures are created by a computer linked to an X-ray machine. Sometimes dyes are i...