How is Hodgkin’s disease diagnosed?

How is Hodgkin's disease diagnosed?If Hodgkin's disease is suspected, the doctor will ask about your medical history and will do a thorough physical exam. Blood tests and x-rays of the chest, bones, liver and spleen will also be done. Tissue from an enlarged lymph node will be removed. This is known as a biopsy. It is the only sure way to tell if cancer is present. A pathologist will look at the tissue under the microscope for Reed-Sternberg cells, abnormal cells that are usually found with Hodgkin's disease. When Hodgkin's disease is diagno...

How can I tell whether it’s psoriasis or eczema?

Psoriasis generally looks worse than eczema — it's more red and scaly, while eczema is generally pink and less scaly, although rougher in texture. Your baby's doctor can help you sort it out by examining your baby's skin and perhaps taking a small skin sample for examination under a microscope.

How can I be sure my baby has scabies? Should I call the doctor?

You should always call the doctor if your baby has an unidentified rash. The sooner he's treated, the sooner he'll be more comfortable. The doctor will take a look at the rash and possibly do a painless test that involves scraping off a small sample of skin and looking at it under a microscope. Scabies mites and their eggs are visible when magnified. Mites can be easy to miss, though, because there are usually only ten or fewer on an infected person.

How will my doctor know if I have vulvar cancer?

If there are symptoms, a doctor may do certain tests to see if there is cancer, usually beginning by looking at the vulva and feeling for lumps. The doctor may then cut out a small piece of tissue (called a biopsy) from the vulva and look at it under a microscope. A patient will be given some medicine to numb the area when the biopsy is done. Some pressure may be felt, but usually with no pain. This test is often done in a doctor's office.

How will my doctor know if I have ovarian cancer?

How will my doctor know if I have ovarian cancer?Women who have regular pelvic exams increase the chance that, if ovarian cancer occurs, it will be found before the disease causes symptoms. However, pelvic exams often cannot find ovarian cancer at an early stage. Often, the doctor orders a blood test to measure a substance in the blood called CA-125. This substance, called a tumor marker, can be produced by ovarian cancer. However, CA-125 is not always present in women with ovarian cancer, and it may be present in women who have benign ovarian conditions....

How is cancer of the cervix diagnosed?

The pelvic exam and Pap test allow the doctor to detect abnormal changes in the cervix. If these exams show that an infection is present, the doctor treats the infection and then repeats the Pap test at a later time. If the Pap test or exam suggests something other than an infection, the doctor may repeat the Pap test and do other tests to find out what the problem is. The Pap smear is only a screening test and does not give a final diagnosis. A diagnosis and subsequent treatment is based on biopsy results,...

How will I be diagnosed for colorectal cancer?

To find the cause of symptoms, the doctor will ask about your personal and family medical history. He will do a physical exam, and may order laboratory tests. In addition to the exams discussed above, the doctor may also order the following tests: Lower GI series – X-rays of the colon and rectum (the lower gastrointestinal tract). The x-rays are taken after the patient is given an enema with a white, chalky solution containing barium. (This test is sometimes called a barium enema.) The barium outlines the c...

How do you diagnose thyroid cancer?

The doctor will ask about your medical history and will do a careful physical exam, with special attention to feeling your thyroid and checking for lumps in the neck. You may also be asked to have a blood test or special scans. The best screening test for a thyroid nodule is a good examination of the neck by your primary care physician.  Most internists, family doctors and obstetricians/gynecologists perform examination of the neck during routine checkups, and nodules can often be found in this way. Sometim...

What is brain cancer?

Benign brain tumors do not contain cancer cells, but they can press on sensitive areas in the brain and cause symptoms. They are usually a collection of extra cells that cause a mass of tissue called a "tumor." They typically have clear borders and do not invade surrounding areas. They usually can be removed by surgery and are not likely to grow back. Malignant brain tumors contain cancer cells that can grow like a plant and put out "roots" that grow into healthy brain tissue and interfere with vital functi...