How is Hodgkin’s disease diagnosed?

How is Hodgkin's disease diagnosed?If Hodgkin's disease is suspected, the doctor will ask about your medical history and will do a thorough physical exam. Blood tests and x-rays of the chest, bones, liver and spleen will also be done. Tissue from an enlarged lymph node will be removed. This is known as a biopsy. It is the only sure way to tell if cancer is present. A pathologist will look at the tissue under the microscope for Reed-Sternberg cells, abnormal cells that are usually found with Hodgkin's disease. When Hodgkin's disease is diagno...

How will my doctor know if I have ovarian cancer?

How will my doctor know if I have ovarian cancer?Women who have regular pelvic exams increase the chance that, if ovarian cancer occurs, it will be found before the disease causes symptoms. However, pelvic exams often cannot find ovarian cancer at an early stage. Often, the doctor orders a blood test to measure a substance in the blood called CA-125. This substance, called a tumor marker, can be produced by ovarian cancer. However, CA-125 is not always present in women with ovarian cancer, and it may be present in women who have benign ovarian conditions....

What’s new in endometrial cancer research and treatment?

Molecular pathology of endometrial cancer: Recent research has improved our understanding of how changes in certain molecules can cause normal endometrial cells to become cancerous. It has been known for several years that mutations (damage or defects) to DNA can alter important genes that regulate cell growth. If these genes are damaged, excess growth may result in cancer formation. Sometimes, endometrial cancer and colon cancer may seem to "run in a family." We now know that some of these families have a ...

How will my doctor know if I have stomach cancer?

There are some commonly used procedures to detect stomach cancer once it has been determined that risk factors or symptoms are present. To diagnose stomach cancer, a physician will conduct a complete medical history, a physical examination and laboratory studies that may include a fecal occult blood test or a complete blood count (CBC). For a fecal occult blood test, a stool sample is examined for hidden (occult) blood, since stomach cancer can sometimes cause bleeding that cannot be seen. However, other co...

How will my doctor know if I have pancreatic cancer?

To find the cause of a person's symptoms, the doctor performs a physical exam and asks about the person's medical history. In addition to checking general signs of health, the doctor may perform blood, urine and stool tests. Doctors may perform several tests that involve taking pictures of the pancreas and surrounding tissues and organs to help with diagnosis. These are called imaging tests. Imaging tests include Upper GI series, CT scanning, MRI, Ultrasonography and ERCP.

How will my doctor know if I have liver cancer?

If liver cancer is suspected, the doctor will conduct a physical examination and a medical history. During a medical history, the patient will be asked questions about incidence of cancer in his/her family and other possible risk factors. Further tests help a doctor determine if cancer is causing symptoms. Some tests may include alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) blood test, ultrasonography (ultrasound), computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), angiography, laparoscopy and biopsy.

What can I do to detect it?

Most health problems respond best to treatment when they are diagnosed and treated as early as possible. This is especially true of colorectal cancer. Treatment is most effective before the disease spreads. People can take an active role in the early detection of colorectal cancer by following these guidelines: During regular checkups, have a digital rectal exam. For this exam, the doctor inserts a lubricated, gloved finger into the rectum and feels for abnormal areas. Beginning at age 40, have an annual fe...

How do you diagnose thyroid cancer?

The doctor will ask about your medical history and will do a careful physical exam, with special attention to feeling your thyroid and checking for lumps in the neck. You may also be asked to have a blood test or special scans. The best screening test for a thyroid nodule is a good examination of the neck by your primary care physician.  Most internists, family doctors and obstetricians/gynecologists perform examination of the neck during routine checkups, and nodules can often be found in this way. Sometim...